Artwork of Marty Bell




Jane Dotson, along time resident of Johnson County Arkansas was born Jan 29th 1822 or 23

in East Tennessee three miles below Cumberland Gap in Claiborne Co TN. Jane married first

Theophilous Petty March 10th 1840 Carrollton, Carroll Co Arkansas, and 2nd Isaac Matlock July

30th 1846, Johnsonville, Johnson County Arkansas. Jane died June 23 1906 and is buried in

the Annie’s Chapel Cemetery in Lutherville, Johnson County Arkansas.


Beginning in Claiborne Co TN in 1830, there are two possibilities of whose Jane’s father

could be. He was either Sampson or George Dodson. Both men had 2 daughters in the 5-9 age

categories. As with most all genealogy, there are always questions. Which Dodson/Dotson

is Jane’s parents is one that for now is remaining. Using logic, it appears that George

was Jane’s father. Reason being follows:


As stated in 1830 both men George and Sampson had daughters Jane’s age. On page 108,

we find George and Thomas living next door to each other. Thomas appears to be a widow,

and is between the age of 50-60, perhaps father of George? George is 30-39 married,

his wife was marked in the 40-50 age groups. George showed to have four daughters,

2 were 10-15 and the other 2 were 5-10.


Sampson and Samuel Dodson Jr. appear next door to each other on page 130. Sampson is 40-50,

his wife was 30-40. Sampson was the father of 3 girls and 3 boys, 1 son was 10-15, a daughter

10-15, 2 daughters 5-10 and 2 sons under the age of 5. Samuel was 20-30, his wife 15-20.


In 1840 Sampson was in Bradley Co Tennessee. At that time in his home were now 7 young men

and 2 daughters ages 15-20, perhaps the same 2 daughters that were listed as 5-10 on the

1830 Claiborne Co Tennessee Census, is the main reason I have ruled Sampson out as Jane’s father.


Other Notes for Sampson:


The Dodson (Dotson) Family of North Farnham Parish, Richmond County,
Virginia: A History and Genealogy of Their Descendants by Mrs. Sherman
Williams and The Rev. Silas Emmett Lucas, Jr. (2 volume set)

SAMPSON DODSON (James-126, John-36, Lambeth-7, Chas-1).

Sampson was born c 1789/90 in Virginia, probably Grayson Co. He left
Virginia sometime after 1811/12 and is apparently the Sampson Dodson who was
in Claiborne Co., TN by 1821. In Nov 1821, the Claiborne County court
minutes make note of a suit, "The State vs Sampson Dodson." Sampson appeared
and plead not guilty and was found "not guilty" by the jury. At the same
session of court Sampson was appointed "to cut and open that part of the new
road yet not cut leading from near William Dohertys on the Mulberry Rd. to
Crockett's Iron Works and Cumberland Gap." This places Sampson's residence
somewhere on the east side of Highway #25 between Tazewell and Cumberland
Gap. At the Feb Court 1823 Sampson was replaced as road overseer by Elijah

... (info on land transactions)

In Sept 1834, Sampson sold 50 acres of his land on Little Creek to Robert
Crockett and Philip B. Harrison (Claiborne deed V-60). He sold other land to
John Fults in 1834 which is recorded in Deed Book L, p. 320, but Deed Book L
has long been missing from the courthouse. Sampson filed a suit against
Edgar C. Kelsoe at the March 1835, but in June he appeared in court and
dismissed the suit. Apparently he left Claiborne Co. soon after this. The
Sheriff of Claiborne Co. returned a list of tax delinquents and insolvents
for 1836 into the court at the Jan 1837 session. Sampson Dotson's name was
on the list. We do not know where he moved. A Sampson Dodson was on the 1840
census of Bradley Co., TN.

We have no information on Sampson Dodson's wife, but he was married and had
a family. The 1830 census shows that Sampson was aged 40-50, his wife 30-40,
and his household consisted of 2 males under 5, 1 male 5-10, 2 females 5-10,
2 female 10-15. Living next door was probably his son Samuel Dodson aged
20-30, apparently just married to a young woman aged 15-20. Thus we conclude
that among his children was:

Samuel Dodson - born c 1800 to 1810, may be the "Samuel Dotson, Junr."
who married Syntha Sellers in Grainger Co., TN on 22 Jan 1829, with Reubin
Dotson as bondsman.

(NOTE: The Reuben Dodson on the 1833 tax list of Claiborne Co., near Sampson
could be Sampson's brother. Reuben was enumerated on the 1830 census of
Grainger Co., aged 40-50, his wife aged 40-50, and the household consisted
of 1 male 5-10, 1 male 10-15, 2 females under 5, 2 females 5-10, 1 female
10-15. In 1828 he purchased 100 acres on Clinch River adjoining Joseph
Beeler and James Arnwine. In 1831 he sold the land to Joseph Beeler, Jr. and
left the area. A Reuben Dodson was on the 1840 census of White Co., TN but
was not there in 1850. (


It is a known fact that on March 10th, 1840, Jane Dotson married Theophilous Petty

in Carroll County Arkansas. Is it a coincidence that in 1831 a George Dodson is

listed on the Lawrence Co Arkansas Tax List, page 7; and in 1833 George Dotson was

listed again on the Lawrence Co Arkansas Tax List on page 15 as well as Theophilous

Petty on the same page? Had Theophilous meet Jane several years before marrying her?

Theophilous Petty was married first to an Elizabeth Vaughn, in 1840 Theophilous is

listed as being 40-50. Theophilous and Elizabeth appear to have had four daughters;

the oldest daughter was born between 1825-1830, 2 daughters were born abt 1830-1835

and the youngest Angeline was born 1836 Missouri. Elizabeth Vaughn Dotson is said to

have died in Missouri. It appears that perhaps Theophilous Petty left Arkansas after

1833, went to Missouri and stayed a few years and then sometime after 1836 when

Angeline was born and Elizabeth had died and by 1838 Theophilous was back in Arkansas

and was on the Poinsett County Tax List on page 29. Again a coincidence takes place

and in 1839 in Poinsett Co Arkansas, on page 5, George Dodson and Theophilous Petty

are listed on the Tax List. Jane is 16-17 years old by 1839, old enough to be married,

but for what ever reason, they didn’t marry until after her 17-18th birthday, in March 1840.


Its in 1840 where things get confusing, first, there are no Dotson/Dodsons in Carroll

County Arkansas. If things with George Dotson are on the right track, it appears that

he left Arkansas, Perhaps after Jane’s marriage? George Dotson went back to Claiborne

Co Tennessee, and was on page 247. Census takers started taking information starting

in June of 1840 and did so for the next five months. George had plenty of time to get

back to Tennessee.


The 1840 reading shows George is 40-50, his wife is 50-60 there is now just one

daughter in the home that is 15-20 the other 3 daughters have either married or

died. There is also a son in the home who is 5-10. On the same page as George

is Thomas, he is still listed alone, and is still in the 50-60 age groups. By 1850,

neither George nor Thomas is in Claiborne Co Tennessee.


I believe the George Dotson/Dodson that we are following was in Hancock Co Tennessee,

on page 41; George is 58 years old, he was born in Virginia, his wife Elizabeth is 61

born Virginia and they have a 16 year old son Lessie born in Tennessee. (Recall how

on the 1830 and 1840 census George’s wife was in he next age grouping as George. It

appears that she was only 2 years older than George, but nonetheless she remains

older on the 1850 Census. And the son Lessie would match up with the male 5-10. No

other Dotsons are in Hancock Co in 1850. (Also note that Hancock County was created

from Claiborne County TN in 1844.) George, Elizabeth and Lessie/Jessie? Dotson/Dodson

were not found on the 1860 census.


Theophilous and Jane stayed in Carroll County Arkansas for a few years. Theophilous

is on the Carroll County Arkansas Tax List in 1840,1841 and 1842. Two daughters were

born to Theophilous, Sarah in 1842 and Delilah in 1843. It’s obvious that between 1842

and by August of 1844 the Petty Family had moved south to Johnson County AR. Theophilous

Petty died August 30 1844, near Hagarville, Ark. and is buried in Minnow Creek Cemetery.

There is no head stone to his grave and no record of his death, indicating that there

was no will.


Isaac Matlock had acquired two 80 acre parcels of land from his two campaigns that he

served from Jackson County Alabama during the Indian Wars. Isaac and his first wife Jane,

had traveled on a flat boat to Little Rock Arkansas. It has been noted that while there

Isaac’s wife Jane had died and was buried in Little Rock. Isaac had moved to Hagarville,

Johnson County AR by 1843. Isaac went to work for Job Hale which wasn’t far from where

Theophilous and Jane were living. JobHale was a cousin of Theophilous Petty. The land

Isaac had received was unimproved land, and I can only assume that is why he had gone

to work for Job Hale. Perhaps just long enough to acquire some sort of homestead for his

family. Isaac traded one of his 80 acres for some improved land which was ½ miles from

Hagarville Arkansas and the other the other eighty he paid a debt in which he had owed a

merchant in Clarksville by the name of Morris Street.


Isaac and his first wife Jane were the parents of 6 children. It is not known exactly

how many of the 6 children arrived with Isaac, all but the two oldest boys were named.

It is known that 2 of Isaacs’s sons did make it to Johnson County, only one Isaac Newton

was still there by 1850. It is almost certain that Isaac knew Theophilous Petty, Jane had

mentioned becoming acquainted with Isaac in 1843, more than likely the Pettys and Isaac

Matlock met at the Hale’s home. One thing that is certain, Isaac and Jane’s romance wasn’t

a quick one, Jane and Isaac didn’t get married until July 30th 1846. Over two years had gone

by since Theophilous Petty had died. Isaac and Jane married in the home of Job Hale, and by

Parson Tommy Woods in Johnsonville Johnson Co AR, the name of that town today is Hagarville

Ark. Jane apparently had much influence with Isaac, she recalled and stated “I married him

in 1846 and I remember that well as Isaac spoke of going in the Mexican War and I persuaded

him out of the notion”


In 1850 Isaac and Jane’s home was a full one. Isaac was now 50, and Jane 28, their post office

was listed as Perry Township the date the census taker came was November 29th. Listed was Caroline,

Isaac N, Martha Matlock, Sarah and Delilah Petty, and Mary Ann and Nancy Matlock. In a the next

county over, Isaac’s daughter Elizabeth and her husband James F Owens lived in Martin, Pope County

 Arkansas. A granddaughter Martha J Owens had been born. Isaac’s oldest children were staying with

their sister Elizabeth and was listed on the 1850 census twice. It was in October that the census

taker had been to Pope County. Isaac had secured some sort of holdings in Pope County, for in 1854

Isaac was listed on a Tax list for Martin Township. During their traveling back and forth between

the two counties, Isaac’s daughter Martha met David Ross, and married him in Pope County on May 27th

1855. Isaac and Jane’s son James was born a year later in 1856.


A wedding and tragedy would strike the Matlock household in 1857, On April 7th 1857 in Pope County,

Caroline Matlock married David McElroy. And the worst to come, Isaac had contracted Typhoid Fever

the end of June. Isaac had lingered for seven weeks and four days. Typhoid fever is common in areas

of the where handwashing is less frequent and water is likely to be contaminated with sewage. Typhi

bacteria are eaten or drunk; they multiply and spread into the bloodstream. Typhoid fever is a potentially

life-threatening illness that is caused by the bacteria If you have typhoid fever you may have the

following symptoms: constant fever up to 104°, diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain headache, malaise,

nonproductive cough, slow heart rate (bradycardia) and anorexia. Today Typhoid fever is treated with

antibiotics. A person will usually recover in 2-3 days with prompt antibiotic treatment. People that

do not get prompt medical treatment may continue to have a fever for weeks or months, and as many as

20% may die from complications of the infection. Isaac Matlock died on his homestead which within half

mile of Hagarville Ark and was buried at the place in Old Salem Graveyard. Friends John M Stewart and

K K Newton were there at his death bed. John Stewart helped make the coffin, and Newton shaved the

Isaac and both helped Jane bury him.


Most, if not all of Isaac and his first wife Jane’s children struck tragedy. According to Jane, she

stated “Newton Matlock who went to Ill. And died near Jacksonville, Morgan Co Ills.-and a girl named

Martha Matlock who married David Ross; she went to Fort Smith and died from small pox, David Ross,

her husband had been dead before she went to Fort Smith. Elizabeth Matlock married James Owens, she

died before the late Civil War began, and he died during the war. Caroline Matlock who married David

McElroy, they went to Kansas City, Kansas, during the Late Civil War. I never heard from them, so I

don’t know whether they are living or not.” As to the census, James Owens is the only one in the bunch

that has been found, Elizabeth not only had Elizabeth died before the Civil War, she had died between

1854 and 1857. James had remarried and was on the 1860 Johnson County Arkansas census. James age 35,

Arabell 24, James A 2, George J 3/12, Martha J 11, Mary C 8, Nancy M age 7.


Jane Matlock remained in Johnson County Arkansas at least up until April of 1859. Jane and Theophilous’s

daughters Sarah and Delilah married in Johnson County, almost three weeks apart. Sarah married Solomon

Mathias/Mathew April 2 1859, and Delilah married John Matthews on April 19, 1859. Sometime after April

of 1859, and by August 27 1860, Jane her family had moved to Crooked Creek Carroll County Arkansas. Jane

was living with daughter Sarah and her new husband Solomon Mathias. All that remained of Jane and Isaac’s

children were Nancy M age 11 and James G age 4. Delilah and John Matthews and their new daughter lived

near by in Carrollton. Jane’s life long friends as well as relatives of Sarah and Delilah through their

father Theophilous Petty, the Job Hale family, had left Johnson County and had moved to Carroll County

Arkansas as well.Perhaps with the impending war is what lead the families to move, I know the country was

in turmoil before the war and for along time after the war was over and had effected families from all

around. Jane’s family was not to be left out. Jane’s son-in-law Solomon enlisted from Clarksville, Arkansas,

on November 18th 1861 in Co C 17th Arkansas Infantry on May 15 1862 Solomon’s had been transferred to Co C

21st Arkansas Infantry and then on June 30th 1862 he was transferred to Co B 12th Arkansas Battalion. On May

17 1863 Solomon was captured on the Big Black River, in Mississippi and on July 25 the Solomon died at Ft



The first armed force that appeared in Carroll County was that of Brig. Gen. McBride, Confederate, en route

from Batesville to Elm Springs, Benton County, with his command, numbering 4,000 or 5,000 men. Passing through

in June, 1861, they encamped for the night at Green Forest. Their progress was not marked by any violence.

After the battle of Wilson's Creek numerous small bodies passed through the county frequently. E. B. Brown,

brigadier general commanding Southwestern division of Missouri (Federals), states in his dispatches that six

squadrons of cavalry left Cassville June 12th, 1862, to break up a camp of 400 near Berryville. It is extremely

improbable that there was any such camp there at the time. The result of the expedition is not known. Gen.

Herron, with his command, numbering about 20,000 men, marched through the county in December, 1863, after the

battle of Prairie Grove, en route for Forsythe, Mo. This army encamped at Carrollton about a week. Gen. Blount,

in command of 3,000 Kansas troops, encamped there the previous spring. It cannot be said that this visitation

is remembered with gratitude by the people of the vicinity. The only skirmish in which any considerable body of

men was involved occurred April 16th, 1863, on a farm now owned by Martin Trantham, a quarter of a mile from

Yokum Creek. Companies G and K, First Arkansas Cavalry (Federal), under Capts. Roan Mack and Theodore Youngblood,

with a number of noncombatants whom they were conducting from the State into Missouri, with personal property of

some value, were pursued by about 700 Confederates under Capts. Bailey, Dillon and others. Seven of the latter

were killed, including the gallant Capt. Dillon. The Federal loss was one killed and nine wounded, of whom seven

died. The advantage was with the Confederates. A skirmish occurred at Carrollton August 14th, 1864, in which several

were killed.


One can only imagine what took place among the people in Carroll County Arkansas during the War. It was during

this time that Isaac and Jane’s daughter Nancy Matlock was separated from her mother. Nancy ended up in DeSoto

Co MS, where she married her husband George Stanton in 1867. It would be several years later before Nancy was

reunited with her mother. Jane and her daughters Sarah Mathias, and Delilah Matthews, and Jane’s son James has

not been found on the 1870 Census. There’s a possibility that James was in Pope County Arkansas, living with a

Sims family. It is known that in 1877 James was in Johnson County Arkansas where on Feb 14 1877 James married

Mary Hamilton. Mary was the daughter of Archa and Eliza Hamilton. James and Mary were the parents of 2 children.

Johnanna born Jan 30 1878 and James A born abt 1879. Mary Hamilton Matlock died prior 1880.


Depositions by friends of Jane stated that she was honest and hard working. Jane didn’t have a choice but to work

hard. One such statement came from Joel Hale, son of Job Hale: “I can say she is an honest and good and hard

working woman. Ambitious and does anything to make an honest living since Matlock died.” By June 18 1880 in

Illinois Township, Washington County Arkansas Jane had gathered up what family she had, which consisted of James

and his now 2 year old daughter Johnanna. For reasons unknown, James’s In-laws the Hamilton’s had his 1 year old

son James A with them. Jane listed her self as being 60, but was actually only 58. James’s occupation was that of

a farmer. Jane apparently had rented out some rooms or something to that effect, for in the home was also a young

couple, Charles and Atlanta Smith. Jane’s daughter Delilah was living back in Johnson County Arkansas, and Sarah

hasn’t not been found at this time.


It is unknown exactly when Jane made her way back to Johnson County, prior filing for a pension which was dated

Dec 5th 1898. But back home is where she ended up. A handful of her family was there now. In 1904 at the age of

82, Jane made the comment “ My PO address is Mingo Ark. Residence one mile. Occupation: Nothing. I stay among

my neighbors.” Perhaps the reason Jane hasn’t been found on the 1900 Arkansas Census is because she was in

between neighbors, when the census taker arrived. After the 1904 deposition, the next set of information is of

Jane’s demise. On May 18 1906 and on June 13 1906 Jane had made some charges.


F C Bangert and Co Dealers in General Merchandise Lutherville CAR 

On May 18 1906 Jane Charged Hose              .45

   June 13                  Hose              .15

     "                      Snuff             . 5

     "                      Sateece?         1.75

     "                      Buttons           .15

     "                      Silk              .10

     "                      Lace              .80

     "                      Coffee            .50

The Bill came to $3.95 and Jane by Cash paid a dollar on it


Jane died on June 23 1906 and was buried in the Annie’s Chapel in Lutherville, Johnson County Arkansas.


1906 Jane Matlock dec. heirs, Nancy M. Stanton: Annie Whitworth of Appleton, AR; Liza Pearson, Dora Pearson,

J.C. Matthews, Richard Matthews and Herbert Matthews Others mentioned as bonded were Jacob Berytold, MS Daniel,

L.O. Wilkies, and J H Harris. (Probate Record Book, Johnson Co., AR page 90)


The years Nancy Matlock Stanton had with her mother after the Civil War had separated them had been short,

but Nancy stayed until the end. In 1900 Nancy was living in Conway County Arkansas.


Nov 14th 1906 Nancy M Stanton was bonded for the Administrator for her mother Jane. On Nov 29 1906 an

inventory Of Jane Matlock was filed by Nancy M Stanton On Jan 26 1907 a claim against Jane’s Estate was filed

from a "F.C. Bangert  and Co, Dealers in General Merchandise.   Lutherville Ark.


Possibly while in Johnson County, it was where Nancy Stanton’s son James Stanton had met his future wife,

for in 1900 James P Holmes and his family were living in Grant Township. Prior 1908 Nancy Matlock Stanton

and the Holmes family had left Arkansas and went to McIntosh County Oklahoma.











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